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G. I. Gurdjieff
Gurdjieff discovered a wealth of truths about human life and put the fragments together in a 'system', which he started to teach in Moscow in 1912.
In Russia he made contact with P.D. Ouspensky and Thomas de Hartmann, who played an important role in the work with ideas, the music and the movements.
Gurdjieff established his 'Institute for the 'Harmonious Development of Man' in Fontainbleau-Avon in 1922.
His ideas continue to have a strong influence on people in the new millenium and have inspired philosophies and practices of many different kinds.
G.I. Gurdjieff (-um 1866 in Alexandropol/Rußland, gest. 29.10.1949 in Paris), unternahm ausgedehnte Reisen nach Nordafrika, den mittleren Orient und Zentralasien, wo er mit Geheimgesellschaften, Mystikern und Esoterikern Verbindung aufnahm und unbekannte Fragmente einer uralten überlieferten Lehre empfing. Zuerst in St. Petersburg, dann in Konstantinopel und schließlich in Paris, gründete er das "Institut für die harmonische Entwicklung des Menschen", um sein Wissen an seine zahlreichen Schüler weiterzugeben, darunter Arthur Koestler, Alfons Paquet, Aldous Huxley und P.D. Ouspensky.
O ensinamento de G.I. Gurdjieff (1866?-1949) chegou a ser reconhecido como um dos mais originais, duráveis e penetrantes do nosso século. Gurdjieff, ao mesmo tempo em que utilizou meios muito diferentes para transmitir sua visão sobre o dilema humano e a possibilidade humana, deu importância especial ao Relatos de Belzebu a seu Neto.
Gurdjieff søgte og fandt et stort antal sandheder om livet og mennesket, som han satte sammen i sit 'system' og begyndte at lære til andre i Moskva fra 1912.
Den bolschevistiske revolution gjorde arbejdet i Sovjetunionen umulig og Gurdjieff rejste til Konstantinopel med nogle af sine elever og en del af sin familie. Fra Konstantinopel gik rejsen videre via Berlin til Frankrig. Der etablerede Gurdjieff sit 'Institut for menneskets harmoniske udvikling'. Huset hedder 'du Prieuré des Basses Loges' og ligger i Avon i nærheden af Fontainbleau.
Et par år efter etableringen af instituttet kom Gurdjieff alvorligt til skade i en ulykke på vej tilbage fra Paris. Han begyndte at skrive. Dette forandrede livet for alle som var i instituttet. Han skrev frem til året 1934 uden større pauser.
Gurdjieffs hovedværk er 'Alt og det hele - Belsebubs fortællinger til sin sønnesøn', som han definerede som 'objektiv kritik af menneskelivet'. Hans anden bog, 'Møde med bemærkelsesværdige mennesker' blev filmet af Peter Brook i 1979.
I begyndelsen af det nye årtusinde følger over 10000 studenter Gurdjieffs lære, Gurdjieff-grupper findes på alle kontinenter og mange forskillige fårmer (også i dag i Rusland, hvor han begyndte). Salget af P.D. Ouspenskys 'På Sporet af det Mirakuløse' er over en million.
Views from the Real World
Author/Artist: G. I. Gurdjieff
Publisher: Viking Press
First published: 1973
Early Talks in Moscow, Essentuki, Tiflis, Berlin, London, Paris, New York and Chicago.
This book is included under Gurdjieff's own writings, because it gives the 'official' version of his talks over a fairly long early period.
views from the real world
Most people are a machine, a lack of awareness and conscious, unconscious human mind through our life experiences and culture media around us, forming all sorts of false personality and split personality. We lack a unified personality and ability to really "do".
This book is unique among the primary "Gurdjieff texts". Unlike Fragments, G is unmediated by Ouspensky, and unlike Herald and All & Everything, the collected texts in this book (aside from the opening story Glimpses) are transcribed from oral talks given by G to his pupils, not volumes prepared for publication. So the 'voice' here is very direct, authentic.
Due to the nature of this collection, the matter is pretty eclectic, not tied down to just one particular time or place where Gurdjieff gave his ideas. It thus gives a great deal of amazing material on just about every aspect of 'the fourth way' that you could imagine. (This is why Fragments, great though it is, is a bit 'narrow' in the sense that it is all based on one specific period (fairly short) of G's work.) Also interesting is that between each section of the book, little 'aphorism'-type snippets are included from here and there, things G has said, presumably, which someone has jotted down...
All in all, although perhaps a certain amount of 'preparatory study' is advisable through Fragments and Beelzebub, this is essential food for someone serious about the work.
Incidentally, the first edition of this book contained one talk (very interesting) which was withdrawn from all subsequent editions, called ""Answer to a question about the difference between animate and inanimate". I don't know why it is no longer included in the book, but in any case I have obtained permission and put it on my website. (Follow link below, towards the bottom of the page, 'Text' section.)
David A, United Kingdom
There is no doubt that "In Search of the Miraculous" by Ouspensky is presenting Gurdjieff's ideas very much like they were delivered mainly in Russia in 1915-1918. However, the talks in "Views from the Real World" have for me even a more authentic tone, although the presentation is not systematic.
Many of the talks in the "Views" are delivered in du Prieuré, Paris or New York in 1922-1924 and only one after his accident in 1924 (1930 in New York). The book has also over 30 pages of the article called "Glimpses of Truth" that Ouspensky was listening to when he was first introduced to Gurdjieff and the aphorisms that decorated the Study House in du Prieuré.
A sample of what I mean by 'even a more authentic tone' is the way Gurdjieff explains in a talk called "Now I am sitting here..." the process of self-remembering, the technique used to access the state of consciousness, which he defines as 'self-consciousness', in which we are more awake than in our normal 'waking state'.
He explains first how we can differenciate between sensations and feelings giving examples of sensations of the body, like warmth, posture and eating and the feelings resulting from memory of his mother and other similar feelings.
On p. 239 he says:
"For primary exercises in self-remembering the participation of all three centers is necessary, and we began to speak of the difference between feelings and sensations because it is necessary to have simultaneously both feeling and sensation.
We can come to this exercise only with the participation of thought. The first thing is thought.... At the beginning all three need to be evoked aritificially.... I repeat: artificial things are necessary only in the beginning."
Reijo Oksanen, Switzerland
Fundamental, November 13, 1999
This book was assembled by Gurdjieff's primary students in the years following his death, from their memories and notes of his talks. While it provides neither the brilliant structure and narrative of "In Search of the Miraculous," nor the transcendent genius of "Beelzebub's Tales," this book is one of the fundamental cornerstones of Fourth Way teachings. Reading the negative review that appears alongside this one is informative. This book does not provide a "new-age" easy-answer view of our situation. It instead puts forth an honest critique of who and how we are -- but more important, it points the way to the possibility of change. I personally rank this book next in importance behind Gurdjieff's "All and Everything" (Tales, Meetings, and Life is Real) and Ouspensky's "In Search." Of course, what is important is that one applies the ideas to ones life. Otherwise there are millions of volumes that are more fun or at least less of a challenge.
A reader from Austin TX, United States
Pure Gold For An Open Mind, October 20, 1999
If you already have an inkling that life is all about acquiring a substance (for want of another word) that will last - here's a book that will outline the thought further and will prompt you to question your intentions and self-awareness in a very powerful way. It states the HOW as clearly as you could wish for.
A Reader, Australia
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