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G. I. Gurdjieff

G. I. GurdjieffGurdjieff discovered a wealth of truths about human life and put the fragments together in a 'system', which he started to teach in Moscow in 1912.

In Russia he made contact with P.D. Ouspensky and Thomas de Hartmann, who played an important role in the work with ideas, the music and the movements.

Gurdjieff established his 'Institute for the 'Harmonious Development of Man' in Fontainbleau-Avon in 1922.

His ideas continue to have a strong influence on people in the new millenium and have inspired philosophies and practices of many different kinds.


G.I. Gurdjieff (-um 1866 in Alexandropol/Rußland, gest. 29.10.1949 in Paris), unternahm ausgedehnte Reisen nach Nordafrika, den mittleren Orient und Zentralasien, wo er mit Geheimgesellschaften, Mystikern und Esoterikern Verbindung aufnahm und unbekannte Fragmente einer uralten überlieferten Lehre empfing. Zuerst in St. Petersburg, dann in Konstantinopel und schließlich in Paris, gründete er das "Institut für die harmonische Entwicklung des Menschen", um sein Wissen an seine zahlreichen Schüler weiterzugeben, darunter Arthur Koestler, Alfons Paquet, Aldous Huxley und P.D. Ouspensky.


O ensinamento de G.I. Gurdjieff (1866?-1949) chegou a ser reconhecido como um dos mais originais, duráveis e penetrantes do nosso século. Gurdjieff, ao mesmo tempo em que utilizou meios muito diferentes para transmitir sua visão sobre o dilema humano e a possibilidade humana, deu importância especial ao Relatos de Belzebu a seu Neto.


Gurdjieff søgte og fandt et stort antal sandheder om livet og mennesket, som han satte sammen i sit 'system' og begyndte at lære til andre i Moskva fra 1912.

Den bolschevistiske revolution gjorde arbejdet i Sovjetunionen umulig og Gurdjieff rejste til Konstantinopel med nogle af sine elever og en del af sin familie. Fra Konstantinopel gik rejsen videre via Berlin til Frankrig. Der etablerede Gurdjieff sit 'Institut for menneskets harmoniske udvikling'. Huset hedder 'du Prieuré des Basses Loges' og ligger i Avon i nærheden af Fontainbleau.
Et par år efter etableringen af instituttet kom Gurdjieff alvorligt til skade i en ulykke på vej tilbage fra Paris. Han begyndte at skrive. Dette forandrede livet for alle som var i instituttet. Han skrev frem til året 1934 uden større pauser.

Gurdjieffs hovedværk er 'Alt og det hele - Belsebubs fortællinger til sin sønnesøn', som han definerede som 'objektiv kritik af menneskelivet'. Hans anden bog, 'Møde med bemærkelsesværdige mennesker' blev filmet af Peter Brook i 1979.

I begyndelsen af det nye årtusinde følger over 10000 studenter Gurdjieffs lære, Gurdjieff-grupper findes på alle kontinenter og mange forskillige fårmer (også i dag i Rusland, hvor han begyndte). Salget af P.D. Ouspenskys 'På Sporet af det Mirakuløse' er over en million.

G. I. Gurdjieff

In Search of Being: The Fourth Way to Consciousness [Hardcover]

Author/Artist: G. I. Gurdjieff
ISBN: 1611800374
Publisher: Shambhala (January 8, 2013)
First published: 2013

Are we able to say that life is governed by a group of conscious people? Where are they? Who are they? We see exactly the opposite: that life is governed by those who are the least conscious, by those who are most asleep.

Provocative ideas such as these have attracted generations of thoughtful people to the methods of self-study and inner work devised by Gurdjieff, one of the most radical spiritual teachers of modern times. According to Gurdjieff, the wars raging at this very moment are nothing more than millions of sleeping people trying to annihilate millions of other sleeping people. Contrary to popular belief, there is no such as thing as progress and evolution as long as humanity remains asleep.

Two hundred conscious people could change the whole of life on the earth, Gurdjieff says. If we want to become those conscious people, we must learn how to change ourselves. With the help of self-knowledge and an understanding of our relation to the universe, we can awaken to a higher level of being—if we wish to change ourselves.

All of Gurdjieff's fundamental principles and methods of transforming the intellect, emotions, and body, in the system known as the Fourth Way, are presented in this book in his own clear, precise words preserved by his closest pupils.

Arranged in an orderly sequence of passages drawn from two primary source books—P. D. Ouspensky's In Search of the Miraculous, and Views from the Real World, recorded and arranged by Mme. Jeanne de Salzmann—this material is an indispensable introduction for those determined to undertake the efforts and practices necessary for awakening consciousness.

All the basic concepts and methods are covered, including:

• man is "asleep"
• we have no unified "I"
• the need for self-knowledge
• functions of the human "machine"
• states of consciousness
• levels of being
• three centers: moving, emotional, and thinking
• personality and essence
• the possibility of self-development
• self-observation
• remembering oneself
• conscious evolution
• the law of three forces
• the ray of creation
• the law of octaves
• the Enneagram, a universal symbol
• the variety of spiritual ways
• esoteric Christianity
• working in groups
• the necessity of schools

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